Friday, 2 March 2012

Child Development: Cognitive developmental theory of Jean Piaget

According to Jean Piaget there are 4 stages of cognitive development of human:

1.The sensory-motor stage (0-2 years old)
     During this stage, the child learns about himself and his environment through motor and reflex sections. Thought derives from sensation and movement. The child learns that he is separate from his environment, and that aspect of the environment continues to exist, even though they may be outside the reach of his senses. Teaching for a child in this stage should be into the sensory-motor system.
        2.The pre-operational stage (2-7 years old)
     Applying his new knowledge of language, the child begins to use symbols to represent objects. Early in this stage, he is now better able to think about things and events that aren’t immediately present. The child has difficulty in conception of time that is oriented to the present. He takes in information and then changes it into his mind to fit his ideas. Teaching must take into account the child’s vivid fantasies and undeveloped sense of time. 
      3.The concrete operational stage (7-11 years old)
      During this stage, accommodation increases. The child develops an ability to think clearer, to make judgments about concrete or observable phenomena. In teaching this child, people should give him the opportunity to ask questions,to explain things,to mentally manipulate information.
       4.The formal operation stage (11-15 years old)
       This stage brings cognition. This person no longer requires concrete objects to make rational judgments. At this point he is capable of hypothetical deductive reasoning. Teaching for the adolescent may be wide-ranging because he will be able to consider many possibilities from several prospective.

Experiments that confirm Jean Piaget’s theory:

 Piaget on Piaget 
 Explaining his theories with the experiments that were made to confirm them:




1 comment:

  1. Amazing facts. The videos were even better to watch out. They were better than excellent!