Thursday, 9 February 2012

Help! Is it offered when it is needed?

Nowadays, people think twice before they try to help somebody. It is not just because humanity has been vanishing, but it is also because people can trust each other anymore. So, what happened to pure altruism?

  Prosocial Behaviour
Describes broad range of actions, including helping, rescue and altruistic behaviour
Behaviour that is positively valued by the individual’s society as generally beneficial to other people and the ongoing social system.

‘Acts that intentionally benefit someone else’
Even between animal behaviour it can be noticed that living beings tend to help each other when it is needed. 

·         Altruism
An act that is motivated to help another individual at the expense of oneself
Why do people help, or fail to help, in an emergency?
·         The altruistic personality
  •  Personality as a characteristic way of interpreting situations
  •  Bystander intervention
  • Situations as leading people to interpret events in particular ways
The Egoism vs. Altruism Debate
  •       The majority view: helpers profit from helping
-Helping is exclusively motivated by the prospect of obtaining some benefit for ourselves
  •   The arousal-cost-reward model
-people are more likely to help if their costs are minimised and their rewards are maximised
  •   The Negative-state relief model
-a selfish form of motivation accounts for empathic helping.
 The Bystander Effect
The presence of others can affect a bystanders response in three ways
1.      The belief that others can intervene may allow an individual to diffuse feelings of responsibility, guilt and blame for failure to help.
2.      Information provided by the reactions of other witnesses may strongly affect a person’s response to an emergency.
3.      The behaviour of other people present can affect the bystander’s perception about what behaviour they feel is appropriate, which in turn can influence the bystander’s own choice of action.
These videos show in what lever our humanism has reached eventually. These are some true facts. Are we going to change them and do something about it? Or are we going to embrace the idea of ignorance and make the last hope for altruism to get lost? It is YOUR choice!

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